Wandering Camera

Album 150
(Translated b
y Ingerid Maria Opdahl)


This jubilee album is dedicated to the small village Koltushi. The village is situated 10 km to the east of St. Petersburg, and is famous, first and foremost, thanks to the I.P. Pavlov Institute for Physiology of the Academy of Sciences, and the science settlement attached to it. About a year ago, one of the Wandering Camera's readers recommended that I visit this place.
But let us first have a look of the Institute's surroundings...


The contemporary Finnish (Lutheran) Church in common European style. It's surrounded by a small fence, and inside of it is a small piece of Finland in the form of - apart from the Church - a toilet, lamps, a barn, and a Finnish doghouse :)
Outside the bounds of this oasis of civilisation lies an ordinary village.

Actually, Koltushi was in its time given by Peter I to P.I. Yaguzhinsky, and later, by Catherine II to G.A. Potemkin.
Later, the estate was bought from the Treasury by N.I. Choglokov, and remained his and his heirs' property for 90 years. The last pre-Revolutionary owner was S.A. de Carriere.

It was not by accident that I mentioned the Finnish doghouse.

Don't you think there is something strange about this building? I think that it's not that often you see a window in a doghouse, especially one that is placed this low, on purpose, so that the dog may lie down and look out :)

Not far away, there is an Orthodox Church, St. Ioann of Kronshtadt.
It's a new building, but it's in the fashion of old northern churches. Here also is infrastructure with a doghouse (see below).
Under the porch lies, for some reason, the tombstone from the grave of "the Active State Councillor Aleksandr Pavlovich Choglokov", from 1875.

A.P. Choglokov was the heir (perhaps the son, although the patronymic doesn't match) of the above mentioned N.I. Choglokov.

Apparently, the faith of the local clergymen (just like that of everyone else) isn't strong enough to trust God in the serious question of avoiding lightning :)
In some places, the building resembles houses in Kizhi and in Vitoslavlitsy, but this is only partially. The paint ruins the picture...
And here is the promised, this time, Russian doghouse. I have to say that this one is also an elite one, with a door and an attic. However, they didn't think of adding a window.
A wagon, a toilet and a cross.

The cross is not a grave. It has an inscription saying something like "Here will be a temple..." or "In the name of..." I don't remember exactly.

Now let's go to the main sight in Koltushi; the science settlement attached to the Institute of Physiology.

This is the central square with a monument to I.P.Pavlov.

The whole complex - the Institute, the employees' cottages - was made in 1935.

The style is Constructivist.

The cottages were constructed according to the architect I.F. Bezpalov's concrete frame system.

The building on the photograph stands out from the general scheme of things. It was probably reconstructed into a church (judging by the typical addition on the roof) recently.

In the centre of the square is a monument to the Academician Ivan Pavlovich Pavlov and a dog. I have to say that the monument is rather like Pavlov's portrait.

As you may know, Pavlov was a physiologist who researched conditional reflexes. He did experiments on dogs. He was the first Russian Nobel Prize laureate (in 1904). He lived (in the summer) and worked in Koltushi in 1924-26, and the science settlement was built here probably for that reason. There were various buildings here also before that. For example, Pavlov in 1929 received a prize from the Soviet government of 100 thousand gold roubles, which he spent on the construction on the Biological Station building. However, in 1936, just after the new settlement was built, the Academician died.

Many famous people came to Koltushi, including foreigners. For example, apart from physiologists, the physicist Niels Bohr and the writer Herbert Wells stayed here.
Every cottage has two flats with verandas.

The roofs used to be covered with tiles, but now they are covered in iron plates.

Now, everything is in a sorry state and a need of repairs. It is planned to move the cottage dwellers away and start restoration works. I think it's obvious who will come to live there afterwards.
This building is newer, probably from the 1950s.
Another cottage.

One of them is supposed to house the Pavlov House Museum, but the museum was closed this time.

The Ape House. Or more precisely, the "anthropoid construction for human-like apes".

It appears to be empty at present (the surrounding snow is untouched, and no motion is visible).

This is the building of the Institute itself.

The inscription to the left says:


The one to the right says:


Next to the Institute is an avenue with busts of successful scientists.

Like the cottages and the Institute, they were made by I.F. Bespalov.

The plaques have been removed: probably they were made from bronze.

Here is how to find the Institute in Koltushi: When you go through the village (coming from Petersburg), you will see a large shop and a wooden church on your right hand side. Just across from the, to the left of the road, you see some smallish gates (two pillars). You have to go through these to get there.



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