Wandering Camera

Parks of Oranienbaum (Lomonosov). 1979.

 

This set of postcards shows the parks and palaces of Oranienbaum (near the Petergoff).

 

The palaces and parks of Lomonosov, formerly Oranienbaum, are gems of 18th-century Russian culture and art. Nationalized in 1918, they were reorganized into a museum in 1922. During the past war, despite nazi encirclement, gallant defenders heroically resisted every attempt to take the town. Though the buildings remained tor the most part intact, the exteriors and interior decor suffered heavily, as too did the surrounding parklands. The collections had luckily been evacuated in the early months of the war. In 1946 the Chinese Palace was restored and opened to the public, Peter the Third's Palace in 1953 and the Katalnaya Gorka Pavilion in 1959.

Completed towards the close of the 18th century, the present ensemble was initiated when the architects D. Fontana and G. Schadel built its nucleus, the Great Palace-a unique Petrovian edifice-for Prince Men-shikov who likewise commissioned the Lower Gardens to be laid out. The architect A. Rinaldi planned the Upper Park and its palaces which were built between 1750s and 1780s. First to be erected were the Palace of Peter III, a handsome building of elegant austere form, and the gates to the poteshnaya (toy) fortress of Peterstadt. Put up by Russian craftsmen, the fortress was starshaped in pattern with ramparts as radiating arms, the whole surrounded by a deep moat crossed by several drawbridges. Peter the Third's Palace, the Entrance Gates and the remains of the fort's ramparts and moat are still extant. 

Today the ground-floor premises of Peter the Third's Palace, previously the servants' quarters, house an exhibition tracing the history of Lomo-nosov's palaces and parks. The lovely first-floor rooms are decorated with carved woodwork, friezes, silk hangings and some unique lacquers, by the serf craftsman Vlasov, resembling works of Chinese workmen. 

Known in the 18th century as the Sobstvennaya (mine own) Estate, the central part of the Upper Park with its Chinese Palace and the Katalnaya Gorka Pavilion, was built by the architect A. Rinaldi for the Empress Catherine II. A blend of palace and pavilion, the Chinese Palace-conventionally termed thus rather for the elegance of its four interior decorations and its fine collections of applied arts-is an exclusively summer house whose somewhat austere exterior is in deliberate contrast to its handsome interior. The amazingly refined decor of its seventeen small rooms has been achieved by the use of such diverse media as bugle beads, wood, imitation marble, smalto, paint and brocade. One should also note the unique parquetry, the handiwork of Russian master-craftsmen. Built concurrently with the Palace was the Katalnaya Gorka (toboggan hill), a most impressive architectural ensemble for the time, consisting of pavilion, toboggan chutes and colonnaded galleries to enclose these chutes, which on the pavilion's southern side occupied the currently existing meadow. The galleries and chutes were dismantled in the mid-19th century, but the fine interior decor of the still extant pavilion ranks it among Russian architectural gems of the second half of the 18th century. Its large glass doors and terrace furnish a beautiful panoramic view of the park's lovely walks, pond and the Gulf of Finland. The park itself is an excellent piece of landscaping, a consummate blend of architecture and natural environs most tastefully adapted to the typical scenery of Northern Russia.

L. Ivanova

 

The Lower Pond / The Great Palace.1710-1726. Parts of the Southern side. Architects D.Fontana, G.Schadel

 


The Great Palace. 1710-1726. The Japanese Pavilion. Architects D.Fontana, G.Schadel

 

The Chinese Palace. The Lesser Chinese Room:
Mirror in gilded carved frame and console-table
Russian workmanship. 18th-c. /
Chest and lacquered casket
Chinese workmanship. 18-th-c.

 

Entrance Gates of the Peterstadt poteshnaya (toy) fortress. 1757. Architect A.Rinaldi /
Palace of Peter III. 1758-1762. Architect A.Rinaldi /
Cupid. 18th-century marble copy.

 

The Chinese Palace. 1762-1768. Northern side. Architect A.Rinaldi.

 

Venus de Medici. 19th-century bronze copy / The Chinese Palace. 1762-1768. Southern side. Architect A.Rinaldi.

 

The Chinese Palace. The Room of Muses. Erato. Wall-paintings. Polyhymnia. Painted by S.Toreli

 

The Chinese Palace. The Bugle-Bead Room Panel. French workmanship. 18th-c / Corner of the room

 

The Chinese Palace. The Bigger Chinese Room / Marquetry panel incrusted with walrus ivory.

 


The Chinese palace. A room. Painted door panels by S.Barozzi

 

The Chinese Palace. "Straw pictures". Staw, bugle bead, blue velvet thread. French workmanship. 18th-c. / Brocade boudoir.

 

Laokoon. 19th-century bronze copy. Part of the Chinese Palace wrought-iron railing

 

The Katalnaya Gorka (toboggan hill) Pavilion. 1762-1774. Eastern side. Architect A.Rinaldi / The Porcelain Room. Outside decorative vases.
Diana with Deer. 18th-century marble copy / Nook in the Upper Park / Apollo Belvedere. 18th-century marble copy.

 

Park in autumn

 

Photography: I. Shmelev, V.Fabrickiy, B.Manushin

(C) Publishing house "Planeta". Moscow, 1979. 
Editors: M. Evdokimov, Sh. Celkovneva, T.Bogdanova, N.Remizova. 

Postcards took an award of "Olympiad-1980"organizing commitee.

 

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(C) Петp Соболев

 

ENLiGHT Project. Новости об информационных технологиях, науке, авиации и космонавтике

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