Maybe you’ve heard about the plans of reconstruction of the “New Holland” island, although almost all of buildings there are architecture monuments.
In the beginning (at Peter the First times) the warehouses of wood (for construction of ships) were here. At soviet times and after perestroika the island belonged to militarians. The ideas appeared time after time – to open the island for everyone, for tourists, but nobody could really take on such a huge project. The militarians also didn’t want to leave the island.
But not long ago the militarians had to leave the island anyway, and now there’re plans for reconstruction. Most of buildings will be destroyed or re-built, so I decided to use a chanse and to take the pictures of a New Holland - as it’s been for years (and won’t be anymore). Have to remind that once we’ve walked around New Holland (in album # 97). Today we’ll take a look inside. It would be easier to be guided through pictures with this plan.
We’ll enter the island by 1st Krushtein bridge (from Admiralty channel side).
At the left we see the buildings constructed to be the warehouses of a wood, at the right – the Mendeleev laboratory.
And here’s the opposite view.
Don’t know what to say about laboratory – have no information.
It’s easier with warehouses. Let’s enter inside.
As I said before, these are former warehouses for drying and storage of a ship wood. They’re the main buildings on an island and they’re famous by it’s arch.
Before 1763 the warehouses, built by I.Korobov, were made of wood.
At times of Peter the 1st (at first third of XVIII century) the one big shipyard was here, called “Holland”, and it wasn’t the island. New Holland has become an island in 1719, when Krukov and Admiralty channels were digged.
But there’s an alternate version that says: this name came from large villages of Dutch masters, stood in the neighbourhood. And there was no shipyard here at all.
In 1763 the wooden warehouses were changed with stone (by project of S.Chevakinsky). The work up of buildings and corners of complex was offered by J.B.Vallen-Delamoth.
Today they look almost the same, just some floors, stairways and lifts have been built (at the picture).
Some of them look very old. For example, this costruction with rivets.
At soviet times the warehouses of naval base and a garment factory were settled down on the island. After perestroika the small part of island was rented with commercial structures..
I tried to choose better pictures, but I had a feeling that militarians had not simply left the island, but receded before superior forces of the enemy, and had not enough time to blow up the object.
The broken furniture, scattered flour, scraps of papers, old things, boards are everywhere.
After perestroika nobody wanted to reconstruct the island, because of necessity to keep the historical buildings here. For our business it’s like a “bone in a throat” - it is more favourable to destroy all under a zero and to construct elite habitation – as higher as possible.
But they have come to agreement somehow.
The coupler – keeps the building from collapse.
The telpher - pendant load-lifting device with an electric drive.
Someone probably got lost or prisoned here – and tried to paint the pictures on the walls and asked for help ;-)
The stairway, beginning of XX century.
There was the same one, not painted.
Reservoir in the center of island – is an internal pool. In the beginning of XVIII century there was a pond and in the center was the small island , where Peter the 1st had a rest while he visited the shipyard.
There is a covered pool at the right, behind the yellow building, It was built in 1893. The scientist A.Krylov made there the experiments of buoyancy of the ships.
Most of buildings at these three pictures belong to soviet times.